Erling Norrby has an MD and PhD from the Karolinska Institute, the School of Medicine, Stockholm. He was the professor of virology and chairman at the Institute for 25 years. During that time he also served as Dean of the Faculty of Medicine for 6 years and was deeply involved in the work on Nobel prizes in physiology or medicine for 20 years. After leaving the Institute he became Permanent Secretary of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for six years. During this time he had overriding responsibility for the Nobel Prizes in physics and chemistry and was a member of the Board of the Nobel Foundation. Presently he is at the Center for the History of Sciences at the Academy. In 2010 he published the book Nobel Prizes and Life Sciences, in 2013 a second book Nobel Prizes and Nature’s Surprises, in 2016 a third book Nobel Prizes and Notable Discoveries, in 2019 a fourth book entitled Nobel Prizes – Cancer, Vision and the Genetic Code and finally in 2022 a fifth book with the title Nobel Prizes – Genes, Viruses and Cellular Signaling. In addition he is currently Vice-Chairman of the Board of the J. Craig Venter Institute. He also has one of the leading functions at the Royal Swedish Court as Lord Chamberlain-in-Waiting.